When one thinks of Bihar, a few of the myriad things that may come to their mind would be the amazing biodiversity, temples, the city of Patna, its culture, and rich history but do you know about another masterpiece given to us by this state is the beautiful Sujani Embroidery.
The original primary resolution of the Sujani Embroidery is portrayed through its very name. The word Sujani is derived from “Su” which means simplifying and “Jani “which refers to birth. The quilts made, ornamented with gorgeous designs, were used to wrap a new-born baby. The reason behind this was that, due to the infant mortality rates of the time, it was considered to be unholy to dress a child in newly bought attire. These quilts were quite vibrant especially since the motifs were made using coloured threads, especially in a darker shade. Every colour used had a purpose and depicted something, like red symbolized blood and yellow for the sun.
These motifs depict various pictures for men and women, dressed in traditional attire and scenes from joyous events, such as festivals and celebrations. Other common depictions include those of deities, animals, birds such as peacocks, plants, and flowers as well as the Sun, Moon, and other powerful forces such as characters from mythology. This embroidery used to embellish quilts can now be seen on various apparel of Indian ethnic wear and remains a favourite among designers for its unique charm. Apart from that, with the commercialization of the embroidery designs, it was then even added onto pillow covers, curtains, bread spreads, and many more.
The Sujani is not merely a traditional craft. It is also a way to convey social and political messages. A typical Sujani embroidered quilt, conveys two different messages – from a drunken man physically abusing his wife, to women compelled to observe the purdah, and practices of dowry being given on one hand. Alternately, the other half includes motifs and scenes like a woman as the speaker or host of a public gathering, a female judge, or a scene depicting a woman selling goods and earning a living for herself. UNESCO Seal of Excellence 2019, which is also called the Seal Award, was given to Sujani art for its marvellous contribution towards Indian rich history and heritage . We must treasure and promote such great embroidery which is recognized by UNESCO