North Indian Embroidery has evolved a lot since it has been started. New designs are continuously added depending on fashion trends and the tastes of people and their demands. Bright, colorful and attractive, this ‘flower work’, is credited to women of rural Punjab, Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana, and is found on items of clothing and decoration.
Then During its early years, North Indian Embroidery was done on thick cotton called khaddar, and its colors symbolized who it was meant for — white was used by old women or widows, red was seen on young girls and brides-to-be, and blue and black were meant for daily use. Designs of plants, animals, jewelry and geometrical shapes were common. There have many changes in the motifs designs that were used earlier and the motifs used nowadays, the essence remains the same but the motifs used nowadays are a more stylized version of the existing motifs. In earlier times, North Indian embroidery was done only on woolen and typical or the normally used cotton fabric but with changing fashion trends and demand of people, from the 19th century onwards, varieties of silk and cotton came into use. The embroidery threads used earlier were fine quality woolen yarn. Gradually, woolen yarns were replaced by rich silk threads.
Now If you’re a fan of Bollywood, you’d have seen many Yash Raj heroines wearing phulkari dupattas. It has even made its way onto fashion ramps, with designers using it for saris and kurtas. You’ll probably spot someone wearing a phulkari shawl or outfit at the latest do or during winters. Nowadays, bright, gorgeous rayon threads, has entered the industry. Even Cotton threads are used too. It is interesting to note that at first only pastel-colored threads were used earlier, but nowadays both the base fabric and the threads are dyed and bright or dark colors are used according to consumers' demand.