The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is an apex organization for the development and coordination of vocational training including vocational training for women in our country. The Ministry conducts the training programmes through the Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS), Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS), Modular Employable Scheme (MES) under the Skill Development Initiative (SDI) Scheme, and Craftsmen Instructor Training Scheme (CITS) to cater to the needs of different segments of the Labour market. The National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) acts as a central agency to advise the Government of India in framing the training policy and coordinating vocational training throughout India. A majority of the Indian workforce does not possess marketable skills which is an obstacle in getting decent employment and improving their economic condition.
A large number of school dropouts do not have access to skill development for improving their employability. The higher entry requirements and long duration of courses under the formal training system are some of the obstacles for a person of low educational attainment to acquire employable skills. The Ministry is implementing the Modular Employable Skills (MES) under the Skill Development Initiative (SDI) Scheme to provide vocational training to earlier school leavers and existing workers to develop skilled manpower for the industry. Under the Modular Employable Skills, training to earlier school leavers and existing workers, especially in the unorganized sectors, are to be trained for employable skills. Training is provided by registered Vocational Training Providers (VTPs) under the Government, Private Sector, and Industrial establishments located all over the country. Testing of skills acquired informally by an individual under the scheme is tested by Assessing Bodies.